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Protein Sources

Chicken Meal is the dry rendered product of chickens. As the chicken cooks, fat and water are released, creating a concentrated, highly digestible protein and fat source. It is an excellent source of Omega 6 fatty acids, which naturally support healthy coat and skin.
Anchovy & Sardine Meal contains Anchovy fish and Sardine fish, with the water removed, and is a concentrated, highly digestible protein source.
Pork Meal is produced when pork is cooked down to release fat and water, creating a concentrated, highly digestible source of animal protein.
Lamb Meal offers a novel single-source animal protein alternative, with the water removed, and has a lower incidence of allergic response than some other common proteins.
Dried Egg Product is dried, whole, cooked eggs (minus shells). It is often added to pet foods to increase the protein biological value.
Lamb is the clean flesh derived from lambs and is limited to that part of the striated muscle which is skeletal or that which is found in the tongue, or heart, with or without the accompanying and overlying fat and the portions of the skin, sinew, nerve, and blood vessels which normally accompany the flesh. Lamb is an excellent source of protein.
Turkey is the clean combination of skin and flesh without the bone derived from whole turkeys. It is an excellent source of high quality protein and essential fatty acids.
Chicken is the clean combination of skin and flesh derived from whole chickens.
Beef is the clean flesh derived from cattle and is limited to that part of the striated muscle which is skeletal or that which is found in the tongue or heart, with or without the accompanying and overlying fat and the portions of the skin, sinew, nerve and blood vessels which normally accompany the flesh. An excellent source of high quality protein.
Chicken Liver is liver specifically from chicken. It is an excellent source of high quality protein and a rich source of Vitamins A, D and virtually all of the B vitamins.
Beef Liver is liver specifically from beef/cattle. It is an excellent source of high quality protein and a rich source of iron, Vitamins A, E and other essential vitamins and minerals.
Lamb Liver is liver specifically from Lamb. It is an excellent source of high quality protein and a rich source of iron, Vitamins A, D and other essential vitamins and minerals.

Grains

Ground Brown & White Rice are highly digestible grains. Brown rice still contains the hull, which is high in fiber and minerals such as magnesium while white rice has had the fiber removed. Using a combination of the two helps achieve overall nutritional balance, as the white rice balances the nutrient density of brown rice to avoid over–delivering or offering an unhealthy excess of certain nutrients. White rice is a great choice of grain for dogs and cats with sensitive stomachs
Rice - unless listed as brown rice - is the de-hulled rice kernel, without the bran. Rice is the preferred grain for feline diets as it is low in minerals, specifically magnesium. Controlling the mineral content of a diet is especially important for cats prone to urinary tract disease.
Yellow Corn is the entire corn kernel ground or chopped. This highly nutritious ingredient was chosen as a source of carbohydrates to provide energy. Is a good source of Linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid for healthy skin & coat, and antioxidants like Beta-Carotene & Vitamin E.
Oatmeal is obtained in the manufacture of rolled oat groats or rolled oats and consists of broken oat groats, oat groat chips and floury portions of the oat groats with only such quantity of finely ground oat hulls as is unavoidable in the usual process of commercial milling. It must not contain more than 4% crude fiber. Oatmeal is an excellent source of highly digestible carbohydrates, protein and nutritional fiber. The veterinary dermatology group recommends using oatmeal on dogs with skin allergies, both as a shampoo and in the diet.
Oat Fiber is a purified form of fiber extracted from oat hulls. It is an excellent source of both soluble and insoluble fiber. It is a more concentrated form of fiber that is low in magnesium and shelf stable.
Corn Gluten Meal is the dried residue from corn after the removal of the larger part of the starch and germ, and the separation of the bran by the process employed in the wet milling manufacture of corn starch or syrup, or by enzymatic treatment of the endosperm. It contains a high level of vitamins and xanthophylls such as zeaxanthin and lutein (shown to be beneficial to canine immune system health).
Barley, Ground/Pearled is produced from whole barley seeds that have been scoured to remove the seed hull and bran. An excellent choice for specialized obesity and diabetic pet diets due to its unique nutritional make-up, modest amounts of slowly digested starch and the soluble fiber B-glucan. It is more digestible than whole or cracked barley.
Flaxseed (also known as linseed) is rich in Omega 3 fatty acids and high in fiber. The Omega 3 fats in flaxseed have wide ranging health benefits, including cardiovascular, endocrine and immune system support, as well as improving coat shine and assisting the movement of food through the digestive system.
Wheat Germ Meal consists chiefly of wheat germ together with some bran and middlings or short. It must contain not less than 25 % crude protein and 7 % crude fat. Is a good source of protein and a natural source of vitamin E.

Fruits & Vegetables

Dried Kelp is the dried product from two families of seaweed. It is an excellent natural source of iodine and provides beneficial fiber.
Tomato Pomace is the mixture of tomato skins, pulp and crushed seeds, and is an excellent source of soluble fiber. The Pomace contains concentrated Lycopene, considered one of today's premier antioxidants, the benefits of which are actually enhanced by the heat during the cooking process.
Cranberries are a cousin of the Blueberry and share antioxidant and urinary tract benefits. We add cranberries to our food as an excellent source of Vitamin C and unique natural source of tannins (astringents found in plants) that prevents harmful bacteria from thriving in the urinary tract.
Carrots are an excellent source of fiber and minerals, and a good natural source of beta–carotene, an antioxidant essential for neutralizing free radicals.
Peas are an excellent source of protein and fiber. They are a great representative of the "Green" vegetable group.
Alfalfa Meal is the aerial portion of the alfalfa plant, reasonably free of other crop plants, weeds, and mold, which been dried by solar means, stored as bales or sacks, and finely or coarsely ground. Improves a pet's ability to absorb proteins and other nutrients, reduces allergies and has anti-inflammatory characteristics.

Vitamins, Minerals & Supplements

Taurine is a compound similar to amino acids. It is essential for the proper functioning of the eyes and heart.
DL-Methionine is an essential amino acid for both dogs and cats. Some protein sources (most notably soybean meal, meat & bone meal and poultry meal) do not provide enough methionine. Therefore, it is often added to pet foods to ensure the animal receives enough.
Vitamin E Supplement is added to almost all pet foods as a vitamin source. It is sometimes labeled as d-alpha-Tocopherol acetate. It is a fat soluble vitamin, which is required in your pet’s diet.
Ascorbic Acid is a form of Vitamin C.
Niacin Supplement - While the B vitamin Niacin is present at high levels in most grains, unless properly treated, most of the niacin in these ingredients is in a bound form and hence unavailable to the pet. For this reason most manufacturers supplement their diets with niacin. It helps process protein, carbohydrates and fat as well as promotes healthy nervous and brain function.
Vitamin A supplement/ Vitamin D-3 Supplement are two supplements added to almost all pet foods as a vitamin source. Vitamin A is sometimes labeled as vitamin A–acetate and Vitamin D as cholecalciferol. Both of these fat soluble vitamins are required in the diet, although diets containing liver are often not supplemented with Vitamin A, because liver is an excellent source of vitamin A.
d-Calcium Pantothenate is a water–soluble vitamin required to sustain life; also known as Vitamin B5 or Pantothenic Acid. Pantothenic acid is needed to form coenzyme–A (CoA), and is critical in the metabolism and synthesis of carbohydrates, proteins and fats. This vitamin is necessary for the conversion of fat and sugar into energy and promotes wound healing and antibody formation.
Riboflavin Supplement is used to supply the diet with a B–complex vitamin. It helps promote growth and helps assimilation of carbohydrates and amino acids.
Pyridoxine Hydrochloride is the most common form used when supplementing pet foods with the B–vitamin pyridoxine. Pyridoxine is very important in helping the pet metabolize protein.
Thiamine Mononitrate is a form of thiamin (thiamine) or Vitamin B1. Thiamin is easily destroyed by high heat, so most dry foods and all canned foods should be supplemented with additional thiamin.
Biotin is a B–vitamin included in most diets for pets. It is found in the intestinal tract and helps prevent dermatitis. It is essential for normal metabolism of fat and protein.
Vitamin B-12 Supplement is only found in animal based ingredients, and most animals obtain enough vitamin B12 from the microbes in their gut. Animals on antibiotics may require supplemental vitamin B12.
Folic Acid is another B-vitamin that is added to most pet foods. It helps form red blood cells and break down amino acids.
Potassium Iodate is the potassium salt of iodic acid generally expressed as KIO3. Source of Potassium and Iodine.
Sodium Selenite is a source of the trace mineral selenium. Since animals require only about 0.1 parts per million of selenium, sodium selenite does not contribute any significant amounts of sodium. This helps to regulate the body's water balance.
Zinc Proteinate/Zinc Sulfate are compounds used as a source of zinc. Zinc proteinate is highly available (chelated) and is important for proper maintenance of hair, skin, bones, muscles and blood. It also helps with digestion and reproduction.
Ferrous Sulfate is a source of iron. It provides oxygen to blood and helps with the digestion of fatty acids.
Copper Proteinate/Copper Sulfate are two compounds which are used as a source of copper. The copper from copper proteinate is highly available while the copper from copper sulfate is less so. A trace mineral found in all body tissues, it works in respiration, synthesis of hemoglobin and production of collagen. It is also an antioxidant and helps prevent oxidation of fatty acids.
Manganese Sulfate /Manganese Sulfate are two compounds which are used as a source of manganese. The manganese from manganese proteinate is a chelated source of manganese and is an antioxidant. It activates many enzymes and helps utilize fatty acids. The manganese from manganese sulfate is less available.
Calcium Iodate is a nutritional source of Iodine. Iodine helps the thyroid function properly and perform a multiple of body functions including metabolism, nerve and muscle function, the growth of skin and hair.
Dicalcium Phosphate is a mineral supplement, which contains 20% calcium and 18% phosphorus. The phosphorus is essentially 100% available.
Glucosamine Hydrochloride is an amino sugar that plays a role in cartilage formation and repair. It is extracted from shellfish (shrimp and crabs) and is believed to be useful in helping maintain healthy joints.
Cobalt Carbonate is the cobalt salt of carbonic acid generally expressed as CoCO3. Nutritional source of cobalt.

Oils & Fats

Olive Oil is a vegetable oil obtained from the olive. Olive oil is regarded as healthful dietary oil because of its high content of monounsaturated fat (mainly oleic fatty acid) and polyphenols. It is a blend of virgin oil and refined virgin oil. It commonly lacks a strong flavor.
Chicken Fat is used to coat some of our pet foods after cooking as a highly palatable natural flavor that helps achieve the proper fatty acid profile necessary for healthy skin and coat. Eagle Pack uses a naturally preserved chicken fat with mixed tocopherols (a source of natural Vitamin E) to maintain freshness. Fats do not cause allergies as they lack protein. Your pet can be allergic to chicken, but may not be allergic to chicken fat.
Menhaden Fish Oil is an excellent source of long chain Omega 3 fatty acids which are critical for healthy skin and coat, proper body function.

Other

Brewer’s Dried Yeast is the dried non–fermentative, non–extracted yeast of the botanical classification of Saccharomyces resulting as a by-product from the brewing of beer and ale. It must contain not less than 35% crude protein. Highly digestible protein that is rich in vitamins and minerals, especially B Vitamin Complex.
Beet Pulp (dried) is an excellent fiber source. Research suggests it may aid in decrease pathogenic bacteria and aids gut health. It is a recommended fiber for pets suffering from gastrointestinal issues, IBD, etc.
Guar Gum is the extract of Cyamopsis tetragonolobus, a legume grown primarily in India and Texas. It is usually used in canned pet foods to bind water to improve the appearance of the product. It can be used in foods for diabetic pets since it also slows the absorption of glucose.
Cassia Gum is the purified flour from the endosperm of the seeds of Cassia tora or Cassia obtusifolia, which belongs to the family of Leguminosae. Is suitable for use as a stabilizer (thickening and gelling agent) in canned dog and cat food and shall be permitted at a concentration up to 4000 ppm.
Carrageenan is the extract from the red seaweed found in the North Atlantic coastal regions. It is usually used in canned pet foods to bind water to improve the appearance of the product.
Yucca Schidigera Extract is a desert plant. It is a natural source of digestive aid and is known to reduce urine and fecal odor. It is rich in minerals due to its anti-inflammatory properties.
Live Micro–organisms are natural micro–flora (DFM or Probiotics) that may help the digestion process, thus providing more efficient utilization of food and produce bacteriocins which act as natural antibiotics that kill undesirable micro–organisms.
Lactobacillus (Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus acidophilus) See Live Micro-organism
Enterococcus faecium See Live Micro-organism
Bacillus (Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus licheniformis) See Live Micro-organism
Aspergillus (Aspergillus oryzae, Aspergillus niger) See Live Micro-organism
Mixed Tocopherols are a mixture of differing forms of Vitamin E most often used as a preservative or antioxidant to stabilize fats to prevent them from becoming rancid. Their stabilizing effect depends on the type of fat used.
Salt/Sodium Chloride is a sodium and chloride supplement typically found in pet food. It contains 39% sodium and 61% chloride. It is important in helping the pet maintain proper fluid balance.
Polysaccharide Complexes: Through a complex process, minerals are bound to and encapsulated in a polysaccharide matrix (long chain starch) derived from ocean kelp. The organic polysaccharide complexes are stable in the stomach and not broken down until they reach the small intestine where they are immediately absorbed.
Wheat Germ Meal consists chiefly of wheat germ together with some bran and middlings or short. It must contain not less than 25% crude protein and 7% crude fat. It is a good source of protein and a natural source of vitamin E.

  

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